Mind Flow: The Future

?The Future?

Each week of the course opened up new questions about what will happen in the future. I wanted to share these questions with you.

 Week One

–       Future of the course

–       What knowledge will be gained?

–       What do I already know about media and how will the course change this knowledge?

–       How will media events change the future?

–       How will culture change?

 Week Two

–       How will media theory and theorist change?

–       Will all media theory be about social media?

–       With the speed of technology and information are we loosing our sense of space?

–       Technological determinism or cultural materialism?

 Week Three

–       How will new media technologies change my thoughts, perceptions and actions?

–       Will the introduction of new media forms mean that various media will keep canceling each other out?

 Week Four

–       What will happen to our memories/minds if we keep using technologies to perform these functions?

–       What information will be discovered in the future about how our minds and bodies work?

 Week Five

–       How soon will there be 3D glasses that will allow us to see augmented reality?

–       Virtual mirrors have changed online shopping, how else will online shopping change?

–       How will augmented reality change professions?

–       What will be the dangers associated with virtual reality?

 Week Six

–       How will my habits change as I get older?

–       What is going to happen in the climate change debate? Will the world reduce its omissions?

–       How will data collection change?

–       How will my perception of the past change with the more knowledge I know?

 Week Seven

–       How will the ways of music making and distribution change even further?

–       Will the whole idea of the music legend change?

–       In what ways will new media respond to thinking transversely?

–       The network society has meant that we are moving from a binary way of thinking to a more complex way of thinking. Will our thinking keep evolving with the new “societies”?

 Week Eight

–       Will the audience gain any more power? If so in what way?

–       How will Internet change governance in the future?

–       How will the Internet change the education system?

Week Nine

–       How will social organizations change? Will this change be for the better?

–       What changes will I make in the future? How will I go about making these changes?

–       Is the future going to be more collaborative?

Week Ten

–       How will science publishing change?

–       What will happen to ownership rights? Will they change?

–       What will be the next big scientific breakthrough?

–       How much will the Internet change the scientific method?

 Knowledge

– Sometimes the more we learn the more we start to question

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The future of science and publishing: a scientist tells us her view

This week I decided to try something a little different. For the past few weeks in class we have been looking at different institutions and the role the media and technologies within these institutions. This week it was all about science. Usually I try and summarize what I have discovered online about these topics, but just cause someone wrote a blog about it or it was printed in a newspaper does not mean that it is true. So I decided to do some research on what people believe new media technology is having within the science industry. Is what they are saying true? Lets ask a scientist!!

In an article written by Elizabeth Pisani called “The Generosity of
New Media – Science, Technology and Innovation” (2011) printed in the
Guardian UK she stated that making data available online so that other
scientists can then read it and use it straight away will allow for
“cheaper more efficient research which will mean more and faster
progress” (Pisani 2011) do you agree with this?

Yes in an ideal world I would. However as stated in the article
“…published papers are virtually the only measure of success in my
job, that’s like giving away my future” (Pisani 2011). To do research scientist need
money to support themselves and pay for the research. This money comes
from fellowships and grants provided by funding bodies such as the
NHMRC and ARC (Australia). A major factor influencing whether we
obtain funding is our publication record. This is the number and
quality of peer reviewed journal articles we have published. If we
make data available before it is published in a journal we can 1. No
longer published it in journal because it is not novel data anymore
and also other scientist will obtain access which will mean they can
use this for there own reference and publications. I think that once
an article is published it is a good idea to make the data associated
with this readily available however for the above reasons a scientist
can not be asked to make unpublished data (not in a journal)
available. Unless the funding system changes I can see not this
changing.

She (Pisani 2011) also stated that making data available in this way may lead to ownerships issues and people may not publish there mistakes, what are
your thoughts on this?

I definitely agree this may lead to ownerships issues. I do not think
mistakes should be published because mistakes can lead to false data.
Also to get data published currently it needs to be peer reviewed and
this is a very long and rigorous process, your data is scrutinized. I
think this is a good thing in a way because it means that published
data is likely to be correct. If making data available that may not be
publication quality (e.g. Sample size too small, poor quality images,
poor statistics) it might lead to misleading results being publicized
and then other scientists may waste their time trying to repeat these
results or expand on them.

There is however a difference between mistakes and negative or null
results. There are a number of studies which remain unpublished
because of this, for examples a mouse with a gene function removed
which has not phenotype (no obvious biological effect) and having this
information available will prevent other labs from trying to do the
same thing.

It is believed that with print media lapsing scientific papers may be
published in different ways, have you noticed any change in how
research or papers are being published? Do you agree with the
statement that “the internet is poised to transform science publishing
and science itself?” (Wilbanks, 2011, seed)

Some journals are now offering online only editions. Other information
that cannot be printed because of length of the article or type of
data (e.g. Videos) can now be accessed on the Internet as supplementary
figures. Also journal articles are much easier to access because of
the Internet and are often available ahead of print. However I do not
believe that the Internet will change science publishing and science
itself more than this.

Have you ever been involved in an instance where you have needed to
communicate with the general public and you found this difficult? What
happened? Why was it difficult?

Yes and it is difficult. I have had 4 years of University study to
obtain the level of scientific knowledge that I currently have and in
addition I read journal articles everyday to expand my knowledge.  It
is really difficult to try and explain something that I know all the
scientific details about in layman’s terms. Also the general public
also has this perception of scientists- e.g. ohh… you must be really
smart I can not possibly understand what you are doing and then don’t
even try. Also I find that the media sometimes hinders our ability to
communicate with the general public. For example, I hear on the news
every other day that a new cancer cure has been discovered,
unfortunately cancer and finding a cure is not that simple and I don’t
think it helps making people believe it is. However it is great to
make our discoveries available to the general public, however the
media is often misleading.

Many different institutions are now using technologies like wiki’s
(wikipedia for example) where many people are the author of a
particular work. Can you see this form being used within the science
institution?

No, never. I was taught during my undergraduate degree not to use
resources like Wikipedia. Anybody can write articles for these
technologies and the information provided is not peer reviewed and can
therefore be misleading or incorrect. These resources are an
unreliable source of information. There are much better technologies
out there such as databases like, The National Center for
Biotechnology Information (NCBI)

How often do peers review your work? Are the only your close peers or
do you find that the internet allows you to have peer-to-peer
collaboration with people from all over the world?

Peers review our work all the time. Any article published in a journal
has to be peer reviewed and this is generally a person that is
knowledgeable in your field but not a close peer and they are often
international. The Internet does help a lot, e-mail is much quicker
than post.

Most of the authors that write about the changes technology has caused
in the publishing of science come from overseas, in particular America
and the United Kingdom. Is the way science is being published changed
in Australia or is this just a theory that applies overseas (from what
you have observed)?

I do not think technology has caused many changes in publishing of
science overseas other than what I have mentioned. They need to get
their work published in a peer review journals just like us in
Australia and need these publications in order to get funding.

There is so much pressure on scientists to publish in peer-reviewed
journals. There is a saying I hear often “publish or perish”.  I do
agree that making data available online will lead to more efficient
research and faster progress. However with this pressure to publish
you cannot expect scientists to make “unpublished” data readily
available.  Unless the funding system changes technology is not going
to change science publishing more than it has already.

I would just like to point out that this is one scientists  point of view so it will not reflect the whole industry.

Interested in what I am talking about see these following sites and readings and tune in next week:

Pisani, Elizabeth (2011) ‘Medical science will benefit from the research of crowds’, The Guardian, January 11, <http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/jan/11/medical-research-data-sharing>

Wilbanks, John (2011) ‘On Science Publishing’, Seed, <http://seedmagazine.com/content/article/on_science_publishing>

Seed (20110 ‘On Science Transfer’, Seed <http://seedmagazine.com/content/print/on_science_transfer>

Kelly, Kevin (2010 ‘Evolving the Scientific Method: Technology is changing the way we conduct science’, The Scientist <http://www.the-scientist.com/article/display/57831/>

Fish, Greg (2009) ‘why your dna is nothing like a database’, Weird Things <http://worldofweirdthings.com/2009/10/21/why-your-dna-is-nothing-like-a-database/>

Sample, Ian (2010) ‘Craig Venter Creates Synthetic Life Form’, The Guardian May 2, <http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2010/may/20/craig-venter-synthetic-life-form>

Edwards, Paul N. (2010) ‘Introduction’ in A Vast Machine: Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming Cambridge, MA: MIT Press: xiii-xvii (note that you can download chapter one at <http://mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/item/default.asp?ttype=2&tid=12080>

The Deltoid blog is quite wonderfully precise on the media and climate change: <http://scienceblogs.com/deltoid/>. Read a few entries, and see how the scientists deal with sceptics and trolls (and more important, note how the blog itself positions itself between science, mainstream media, and think tanks and others promoting climate denial)

<http://www.realclimate.org/>

Schmidt, Gavin (2011) ‘From Blog to Science’, RealClimate <http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2011/02/from-blog-to-science/>

<http://www.skepticalscience.com/>

<http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=SourceWatch> (check out some of the institutions and sources here … find out who they are


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BIG POLITICS: The Fate of the State

This week I have decided to do a mind map as the readings were full of all different ideas and it seemed the best way to present them all. In black I have written some of the ideas that came from the readings and in blue I have written all the questions that relate to these topics. These questions are things I think everyone should be asking themselves in order to be prepared for how technology is changing the future.

Interested in what I am talking about see these following sites and readings and tune in next week:

Lessig, Lawrence (2010) ‘Against Transparency: The perils of openness in government.’<http://www.tnr.com/article/books-and-arts/against-transparency?page=0,0>

Ellis, Bob (2010) ‘Sleepless in Canberra’ The ABC, Drum Unleashed <http://www.abc.net.au/unleashed/35116.html>

Mason, Paul (2011) ‘Twenty reasons why it’s kicking off everywhere’, Idle Scrawls BBC, <http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/newsnight/paulmason/2011/02/twenty_reasons_why_its_kicking.html>

Hirschkind, Charles (2011) ‘From the Blogosphere to the Street: The Role of Social Media in the Egyptian Uprising’,  Jadaliyya <http://www.jadaliyya.com/pages/index/599/from-the-blogosphere-to-the-street_the-role-of-social-media-in-the-egyptian-uprising>

Usher, Nikki (2011), ‘How Egypt’s uprising is helping redefine the idea of a “media event”’, The Nieman Lab <http://www.niemanlab.org/2011/02/how-egypts-uprising-is-helping-redefine-the-idea-of-a-media-event/>

UsNow <http://watch.usnowfilm.com/> (click “Watch this Film” at the top).

Styles, Catherine (2009) ‘A Government 2.0 idea – first, make all the functions visible’ <http://catherinestyles.com/2009/06/28/a-government-2-0-idea/>

Explore this Australian Government Site <http://agimo.govspace.gov.au/>

Rauch, Jonathan (2010) ‘Group Think: Inside the Tea Party’s Collective Brain’, Articles by Jonathan Rauch <http://www.jonathanrauch.com/jrauch_articles/2010/09/group-think-inside-the-tea-partys-collective-brain.html>

Brafman, Ori and Beckstrom, Rod A. (2010) ‘The Power Of Leaderless Organizations: Craigslist, Wikipedia And Al Qaeda All Demonstrate How Absence Of Structure Has Become An Asset’, National Journal <http://www.nationaljournal.com/njonline/the-power-of-leaderless-organizations-20100911>

Brewer, Joe (2011) ‘Introducing the Progressive Strategy Handbook’, Truthout <http://www.truth-out.org/introducing-progressive-strategy-handbook67700>

Robinson, Ken (2010) ‘Changing Education Paradigms’, RSA: 12st Century Enlightenment <http://comment.rsablogs.org.uk/2010/10/14/rsa-animate-changing-education-paradigms/>

A Progressive Journal of News and Opinion. Editor, Robert Scheer. Publisher, Zuade Kaufman.
Copyright © 2011 Truthdig, L.L.C. All rights reserved. <http://www.truthdig.com/report/print/why_the_united_states_is_destroying_her_education_system_20110410&gt;

Unileaks Keeping Education Honest <http://www.unileaks.org/&gt;

<http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/openaccesseducation>

<http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/education>

<http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/universities>

<http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/government2.0>

<http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/egypt>

<http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/wikileaks>

<http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/thinktanks>

<http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/iran>

<http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/politics+socialmedia>

<http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/politics>

<http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/teaparty>

<http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/digitalhumanities>


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Picture This: Music, Journalism and Transversality

This image was chosen to represent music as it shows the confusion that now comes with the Internet. There are now so many new ways that creators and distributors of music are intertwined, so many different directions from which we can receive music, so many different ways music is being distributed and so many different ways music is being created. The image represents this well by having a number of different multi-coloured lines that all go across each other. If you search the Internet their are many new and exciting ways that music and the music industry is changing. For example, Loscil is using sound synthesis to create very new and exciting sounds see – http://bluerize.com/mix-and-master-009-loscil-interview-on-creating-unique-sounds. There is a sit called you are listening to (insert place here) (see – http://youarelisteningtolosangeles.com/) that takes the sounds from a particular city (in links case Los Angles) and adds it to a music background.  Matthew Florianz is creating ambient environment soundscapes (see http://www.matthewflorianz.com/index.html). If you go to the following section of his site http://www.matthewflorianz.com/images_maalbeek_2010.html you will be able to look at pictures whilst listening to the sound, this creates a whole new relationship between the two different senses. When you first look at the pictures without the music you do not really feel anything but when you add the music the pictures suddenly feel creepy, dark, mysterious and peaceful.

Demand Media Breaking the Bank
[Source: OnlineMBA.com

This image is a great example of how the journalism industry is currently being framed. This is a graphical example of how “demand media has established themselves as an industry leader, producing content solely based on how much it can earn in advertising dollars from each article over a 5 year period.” Picture written and designed by Ricky Linn (no date offered) see –  http://www.onlinemba.com/demand-media-breaking-the-bank/. I find this particularly interesting, as journalism has always suffered from the problem of what to publish, news that informs or news that sells well.  Instead of making this better it appears that the Internet is just making this worse.

“Transversal is the line that cuts across other lines, perhaps across entire fields – bringing the fields together in a new way, recreating fields as something else” (Murphie, 2006). And according to Murphy (2006) “transversality is unavoidable when working with new media technologies.” This picture I drew trying to recreate this idea of the transversal visually. See http://nine.fibreculturejournal.org/ for a full discussion on thinking transversely, new media technologies, problems with these technologies and how theorists are overcoming these problems and how they are looking at things differently.

I think music; journalism and many other industries are having problems with framing. The old, big industries are trying to hold onto their dominance instead of embracing the new. Users were taking the control they have now been given and exploiting it to the max (surprisingly this was not at the big companies loss and yet they still rebelled). What I think is happening now though is that users and producers are trying to work out a way to frame everything differently so we can still have the access we want, big companies can still keep their control and in the end we get better quality products. See The Nieman Journalism Lab http://www.niemanlab.org/ for an example of what I mean.

Pictures from:

Image one: Music http://www.gettyimages.com.au/Search/Search.aspx?query=z.i.H4sIAAAAAAAEAOy9B2AcSZYlJi9tynt_SvVK1-B0oQiAYBMk2JBAEOzBiM3mkuwdaUcjKasqgcplVmVdZhZAzO2dvPfee–999577733ujudTif33_8_XGZkAWz2zkrayZ4hgKrIHz9-fB8_In7dfLn91etf49f4NX6PX_dskV3kvyb9-pj-_-st1k0xTX_NET74NX6dX2Pz82uan0ldVe3LrM4Wza-tn_1a-P_uDn793U373wz__Mb0_1_v3evr5vSdgfFren_zu9m5-fXX1N8B7tfOzqe2S_8P9Plr7nCPi9a96X7_dahxab-wf-G9X5f-qBcGUufPXx_Nd_HXr8efTyyMzt_82rlFLvyToexYKOcdKO5vfq0OcbF_MpQ9C6XuQHF_E2VyCwN_MHl-DSXTLj79Dc3XmAymLdEkX5lPf83gr187nzT2G_MHEzt3OHi__1q5a-79_ms3q5X9HH8YHH8r–Ll1L3ofv91qtpjFfsXfzXJ_a_MX3h-7dnV0vz-a5o_wNC_TrP2xhP89WvnmcPA_4N-X_lf2D9-3SaAFv75a7979tzxK_1hv8hqDzfvj9-omVar_Ml6OSs9IgafGoA_DjgPdu7j91-HeGhtmwd__TrzWv4QCuEvA-HjXwMS-il-JS5xcuP_8eu9yK_ypv1_AgAA__8kOaQJLwQAAA..&sd1=music%3A70206

Image two: Journalism http://www.onlinemba.com/demand-media-breaking-the-bank/

Image three: Transversality Drawn by Nadia Barry on word inspiration from my tutor Charlotte Farrell

Interested in what I am talking about see these following sites and readings and tune in next week:

http://bluerize.com/mix-and-master-009-loscil-interview-on-creating-unique-sounds

http://youarelisteningtolosangeles.com/

http://www.matthewflorianz.com/index.html

http://www.matthewflorianz.com/images_maalbeek_2010.html

http://www.onlinemba.com/demand-media-breaking-the-bank/ – picture written and designed by Ricky Lee no date provided

A. Murphie December 2006, The Fibrecultural Journal: Digital Media, Networks and Transdisciplinary critique, University of New South Wales, Issue 9 2006: general issue  http://nine.fibreculturejournal.org/

http://www.niemanlab.org/

http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/liveness

http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/music

http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/netlabels

http://www.delicious.com/ibbertelsen/digitaljournalism

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Virtual Reality – are we going to lose ourselves?

Last week for this subject we had to do one of the most confusing readings of my life. I know people say look up the words in the dictionary, take each sentence as it comes – this is not so easy when you are having concept after concept thrown at you. My tutor realising the difficulty of the reading got us in groups and each group had to decipher a paragraph and then report back to the class what we thought it meant. Simple idea but it worked, on the train on the way home I reread the text and I actually understood it. Just a helpful hint to anyone struggling with some readings – many minds are better than one. By the way the text we had to read – Anamnesis and Hypomnesis: Plato as the first thinker of the proletarianisation’ <http://arsindustrialis.org/anamnesis-and-hypomnesis&gt; (see how you go).

So last week I started throwing around terms such as the extended mind and e-sense, here is another good one for you, the German word Umwelt. Umwelt is a term that describes the idea that we are in the same place but in a different world as we all have different bodies and we travel different ways. We all have different memories and different past and we bring them with us wherever we go, making us experience the same thing differently. This is a huge problem with media theory, it assumes we all experience things in a uniform way. Which we all know is not true, how many people have watched a movie and had a completely different experience compared to the friend you watched it with? Media theorist should start talking about the purposes of certain mediums and not what they assume we all experience.

This week’s topic is about virtual and augmented reality. Some of the ideas here are absolutely amazing. I hardly ever by accessories or clothes online as you just can’t tell what they will look like on, well not anymore the next experience of online shopping, you will be able to try things on with a virtual mirror (see Ray-Ban.) Glasses called Vuzix Wrap 920AV are the “newest consumer glasses in digital eyewear marketed for augmented reality applications” (Chris Grayson 2009). Students will soon be able to use glasses to have an augmented learning experience, (see Future of Education.) Another really exciting idea is that soon you will be able to speak to anyone around the world with a realtime language translation. BMW have used augmented reality as a way of telling their mechanics how to repair a car step by step. (All these videos and more are from the site –http://gigantico.squarespace.com/336554365346/2009/6/23/augmented-reality-overview.html it’s well worth taking a look and watching the video.)

As fascinating as all this is it is also very worrying. A discussion about virtual reality leads to questions about what reality is and if virtual reality is real. I think this also links back to discussions about the extended mind. In the article I talked about at the start of this post “Anamnesis and Hypomnesis: Plato as the first thinker of the proletarianisation” he puts forth the idea that the more we externalize our memory into technology the more we are losing ourselves. He also argues that if we keep using technology to do functions our bodies use to do eventually we will become obsolete. I think we can really see this in the BMW video, with instructions set out for you so easily it appears that anyone can be a mechanic. In the future of education video how much is that learning experience changing the way he is learning, how much of that will he remember? So if we put too much trust in virtual or augmented reality, are we going to lose ourselves?

Interested in what I am talking about see these following sites and readings and tune in next week:

Stiegler, Bernard (n.d.) ‘Anamnesis and Hypomnesis: Plato as the first thinker of the proletarianisation’ <http://arsindustrialis.org/anamnesis-and-hypomnesis&gt;

Anon. (n.d.) ‘Virtual Reality’, Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtual_reality>

Anon. (n.d.) ‘Umwelt’, Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umwelt>

Grayson, Chris (2009) ‘Augmented Reality Overview’, GigantiCo <http://gigantico.squarespace.com/336554365346/2009/6/23/augmented-reality-overview.html> All the video’s used came from this site, just follow the links

Murphie, Andrew (2004) ‘The World’s Clock: The Network Society and Experimental ecologies’, Topia: Canadian Journal of Cultural Studies, 11, Spring <https://pi.library.yorku.ca/ojs/index.php/topia/article/view/2682/1887>

 

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The extended mind

This photograph is visually representing my views on the extended mind. As David Chalmers points out the theory believes that technologies can perform similar functions to that of your mind and can therefore be seen as part of your mind or at least an extension of this. “When parts of the environment are couple to a cognitive system in the right way, they become parts of the mind” Chalmers 2009. I have used the iPhone, a laptop and a notebook as representations of the outside environment and used the cables to show their connection to the mind.

One example of the extended mind is this example of e-sense. Photographs were taken and then turned into vibrations. Eventually after hours of training visually impaired people were able to recognise the pictures through these vibrations. This is an excellent example of the theory of the extended mind. In this picture I have shown another way I believe this theory relates to the visually impaired as it could be argued that the sound that the button make symbolising when it is safe to cross is part of the mind.

In this final picture I chose to visually represent the idea introduced by Timothy Galleway in “The Inner Game of Tennis” where he shows us the importance of focusing your mind by teaching someone to play tennis well in 20 minutes. According to Galleway learning happens when attention is focused and, as Alan Kay explains, one way to do this is by removing interference. I have represented this by removing the second ball (the interference) away from the other ball.

I found the theory of the extended mind a little hard to wrap my head around at first. Once I started to understand it, the idea suddenly came very interesting and I think many helpful and clever ideas can come by looking at technology in this way.

Interested in what I am talking about see these following sites and readings and tune in next week:

Stiegler, Bernard (n.d.) ‘Anamnesis and Hypomnesis: Plato as the first thinker of the proletarianisation’ <http://arsindustrialis.org/anamnesis-and-hypomnesis>

<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extended_Mind>

Noë, Alva (2010) ‘Does thinking happen in the brain?’, 13:7 Cosmos and Culture <http://www.npr.org/blogs/13.7/2010/12/10/131945848/does-thinking-happen-in-the-brain>

Noë, Alva and Solano, Marlon Barrios (2008) ‘dance as a way of knowing: interview with Alva Noë’, <http://www.dance-tech.net/video/1462368:Video:19594

Chalmers, David (2009) ‘The Extended Mind Revisited [1/5], at Hong Kong, 2009’, <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8S149IVHhmc>

Dalton, S. (n.d.) ‘e sense’ <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eHTtri5jGDc>

Kay, Alan <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=50L44hEtVos>

<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Kay>).

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Media Ecologies – definition and now what

Interested in what I am talking about see these following sites and readings and tune in next week:

<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_ecology>

Media Ecology Association ‘What is Media Ecology’ <http://www.media-ecology.org/media_ecology/>

Levinson, Paul (1997) ‘The First Digital Medium’ in Soft Edge; a natural history and future of the information revolution London: Routledge:11-20

Fuller, Matthew (2005) ‘Introduction: Media Ecologies’ in Media Ecologies: Materialist Energies in Art and Technoculture Cambridge, MA; MIT Press: 1-12

Deitz, Milissa (2010) ‘The New Media Ecology’, On Line Opinion: Australia’s e-journal of social and political debate <http://www.onlineopinion.com.au/view.asp?article=11410&page=1>

Anon. (2008) ‘The Three Ecologies – Felix Guattari’, Media Ecologies and Digital Activism: thoughts about change for a changing world <http://mediaecologies.wordpress.com/2008/10/07/the-three-ecologies-felix-guattari/>

Rawlings, Thomas (2011) ‘Games as a Happening, as a Service (Notes from my Talk at Goldsmiths)’, A Great Becoming <http://agreatbecoming.wordpress.com/2011/02/03/games-as-a-happening-as-a-service-notes-from-my-talk-at-goldsmiths/>

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